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The province of Salzburg has an area of ​​7154.23 km ² and is divided into 5 districts whose boundaries identical with the political districts of the country. The highest mountain is the Großvenediger with a height of 3.662m. From the 13th century was Salzburg at first a archiepiscopal territory in Bavaria. 1328 Salzburg was an independent state. Next to the still existing salt mining in the 15th and 16 Century the gold mining in Rauris and Gastein Valley in was economically important. At the beginning of the 19th Century, Salzburg was a part of the Austrian Empire.

Salzburg City is the capital with 150.000 inhabitants and is the fourth largest city in Austria. The historic center has been appointed in 1996 as a World Heritage by UNESCO. The landmark "Castle Hohensalzburg" is one of the largest castles from the Middle Ages. Especially from the 17th Century, the Archbishops of Salzburg expanded into a magnificent residence. Particularly noteworthy are the castle Hellbrunn with its beautiful castle park, lanes and water games. In 1803, the Archbishopric of Salzburg was dissolved. Church and state were governed separated again. Salzburg’s most famous human was Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, 1756-1791. The greatest musical genius of Austria worked until 1781 mainly in Salzburg. The Salzburg Festival is the largest cultural event in Salzburg. There are many other events throughout the year with classical music. The most famous culinary specialties of Salzburg are “Mozart balls” and the “Salzburger soufflé”.

Sights in Salzburg City: Salzburg's old town, Castle Hohensalzburg, Mirabell Palace with the beautiful Mirabell Gardens, Castle Leopoldskron, Hellbrunn Palace and many other smaller castles, Festival Hall, Mozart Square, the birthplace of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart in the street “Getreidegasse”, Piazza del Duomo, Aircraft Museum Hangar 7 at Salzburg Airport. Of the many different customs in Salzburg particularly the Devil runs in November and December very interesting. In the summer, when the processions with the “Prangstangen” in the district Lungau worth seeing. Of great importance of the summer tourism are the many hiking areas, the Grossglockner High Alpine Road, the city of Salzburg and the region “Salzkammergut”. In winter, millions of tourists come into the province of Salzburg to the ski areas in their winter vacation. They can skiing, snowboarding, sledding, cross country skiing, ice skating, winter hiking and much more.

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