Ski touring

         

Under ideal conditions (equipment, physical fitness and weather) is a ski tour an very beautiful experience. You climb up a mountain with special skis and downhill on unprepared slopes with a lot of powder snow. Ski tours are the most primitive form of skiing since there were no lifts at the end of the 19th century. Prior to ski you have to conscientiously prepare and consider for planning the ski tour of the following aspects: weather, avalanche danger, tour destination, group, other alpine hazards, catering options, alternative destination so you can select an another tour if the weather is not as predicted. If the situation during the tour will be too dangerous, a timely reversal is lifesaving.

Equipment:

You should go in a sports shop to get the following equipment. Touring skis are shorter and wider than normal skis. With these you can better downhill in deep snow. With the ski tours bindings you can raise the heels during the ascent. Ski Boots have a softer type, this makes it easier to walk up the hill. Shoes with a tread are usefull in a rocky terrain, because sometimes the skis must be worn. You also need climbing Skins from the material mohair or synthetic fiber and telescopic poles. For difficult snow conditions you still need crampons for the skis. All those who want to climb without skis on the summit must pack also crampons and ice axes. Ideal is a backpack with airbag. This increases the chances of survival in an avalanche enormously.

Avalanche shovel, foldable thin rods, avalanche transceiver, first-aid kit (bandages, painkillers, ointment), matches (waterproof pack), candle, cord, pocket knife with saw, emergency blanket, aluminum cup, steel wire and a chocolate bar, headlamp, batteries, cell phone, 2nd battery or battery pack, GPS unit, hiking map with topographic terrain representation (minimum scale 1: 25,000), compass and altimeter for a safe orientation.

Security:

Experienced ski tourers should never do a tour alone and always take the appropriate equipment. Beginners should go their first tours in a group of experienced ski tourers, or better with a qualified mountain guide. The avalanche danger is especially above the tree line, at steep slopes higher than 34°, into the north-facing slopes and by crossing mountain trenches. Then go better around the black spot or cancel the tour.  Information about the current avalanche conditions can be found on the page - lawine.at. Those who are not entrusted to an experienced mountain guide, it is best first attend a course where the handling of the avalanche transceiver and determining the avalanche situation be practiced. Avalanches are the greatest danger for ski tourists and often underestimated. Measures and tools should not obscure the fact that an avalanche is always a mortal danger and therefore a defensive behavior is extremely important.

Take special consideration for the wild animals. In winter it is very troublesome to find a feed. They are particularly weak in this time and each running away consumes extra energy. Furthermore the wild animals are suspended on any escape in snow-covered terrain of an increased accident risk. Responsible ski tourers inquire in advance on the internet or at the tourist offices. Go only tours that disturb the protected areas of wildlife as little as possible.

Clothing:

To be prepared for the changing weather conditions and temperatures wear comfortable clothes with multiple layers. A second hat, an extra fleece sweater, and a second pair socks should always with on the tour. Mittens are better than gloves when you freeze quickly on your fingers. Thus the trousers cannot get wet by the raised snow, use gaiters. Wear socks made ​​of mixed wool and synthetic.

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